In 1940, the rhythm becomes a Brazilian symbol

‘Samba’, the most popular Brazilian music genre, has European and African origins, but it has taken over the country with black culture symbols.

The word was first mentioned in 1838 in a newspaper of Pernambuco called “O Capuceiro”. In Rio de Janeiro, the word ‘samba’ appears only in the late twentieth century, always linked with rural feasts, the black community and Bahia.


This music genre started taking shape with urban characteristics and percussion instruments, and now it has been consolidated as the main music style of Rio de Janeiro.

The expansion of samba took place thanks to two aspects: the newly-launched radio and the encouraging to the carnival by schools of the time.

In the 1940’s, the rhythm became a Brazilian symbol and earned status and international fame. Nowadays, the world sees Brazil as the birthplace of Carnival.

The word ‘samba’ has created solid roots and, as a result, a lot of etymological branching, such as samba-choro, samba de terreiro, samba-enredo, samba de gafieira, samba-rock, etc.

The first composers have built a cultural legacy. Some of them are: Jozé Luiz de Moraes, o Caninha, Heitor dos Prazeres, João da Baiana, Pixinguinha e Donga.

The Samba National Day is celebrated on December 2nd and was created to honor Ary Barroso. Firstly, the date was celebrated only in Bahia, but it turned out to become national.

Source: Almanaque do Samba

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The luthier Lineu Bravo has been on the Workshop “7-String, technique and style”, that took place at the Eco Sound Studios, Rio de Janeiro. Rogério Caetano e Marco Pereira, acclaimed musicians and clients of the luthier, have delivered the event with mastery and Lineu was at disposal to talk about lutherie, the art of instrument construction.

Marco Pereira, Manoel Lopes, Lineu Bravo and Rogério Caetano at the Workshop / Picture:  Manoel Lopes

Marco Pereira, Manoel Lopes, Lineu Bravo and Rogério Caetano at the Workshop / Picture: Manoel Lopes

The event attended all the interested in 7-string guitar language, even the ones who don’t play the instrument.

“7-String, technique and style”, the book

The workshop was based on the book “7-String, technique and style”, written by Rogério Caetano in 2010 in partnership with Marco Pereira. The work is a method that approaches in details all the 7-string guitar technique mainly in “choro” and “samba”, Brazilian typical music styles. Rogério Caetano method is very helpful for those who want to learn how to play a 7-string guitar.

The book

The book

The book approaches all the 7-string guitar mechanics, as well as detailed explanations about scales, movements and cadences. It contains an introduction of schematic and classic models, exercises, and, also, a CD with recorded examples.

The 7-string guitar language

The method described in the book was idealized according to Rogério Caetano and Marco Pereira’s vision of guitar practices, and was the main theme of the workshop.

The musicians, apart from contemplating the legacy left by the masters who have left their mark on the 7-string guitar history in Brazil, have also presented the way the new generation of musicians honors the masters and have them as artistic references. The appropriation of the historical legacy ends up transforming the language of this instrument, since there is a dialogue between the history and the present.

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Lineu Bravo delivers the first guitar of the special edition on his 50th year celebration

The luthier Lineu Bravo, who reached the age of 50 last march, finally got to deliver the first guitar of the special edition, a  7-steel-string guitar that takes the name of the owner: Rogério Caetano design.

Rogério Caetano with his new 7-steel-string guitar and Lineu Bravo luthier/ Picture: Milena Tibúrcio

Rogério Caetano with his new 7-steel-string guitar and Lineu Bravo luthier/ Picture: Milena Tibúrcio

Lineu was welcomed by the acclaimed violonist and composer Rogério Caetano in his house, in Rio de Janeiro. They spent a very productive weekend and had a chance to consolidate the partnership that brings together the art of creating an instrument that speaks for itself and the art of bringing it to life. This partnership, also important to remember, led to the birth of the 7-string guitar, Rogério Caetano design.

The luthier had the opportunity to follow Rogério Caetano in his different aspects as an artist. He watched performances and recordings of the musician and they talked a lot about music, projects, instruments and, mainly, about the consolidation of the partnership that joins professional talents and a great friendship.

The most important thing about this meeting was, however, the delivery of the guitar, that has a singular mark, to his proud owner. The instrument has a mother-of-pearl application in the head. For Lineu, seeing the guitar that stands for his 50 years in the owner’s hands, who gives the name to it, was very exciting.

Lineu Bravo with the 7-steel-string guitar of the special edition

Lineu Bravo with the 7-steel-string guitar of the special edition

On his Facebook page, Rogério Caetano left a testimonial about how he felt when he received the gift: “Great 7-string guitar that I received from my dear friend Lineu Bravo Luthier! I am very glad to have my name associated to  such a high level instrument! Thank you very much! This guitar is awesome!”.

The 7-string guitar has already shown its work at the stage, delighting the audience, as you can see here: link. In this show, that took place on march 27th, in Buteco Cultural, in Rio, Rogério performed with his trio: Luiz Barcelos on mandolin and Marcus Thadeus on the drums, with Rogério Caetano’s compositions and classic jam and choro (a Brazilian popular music instrumental style). About playing his new guitar, the musician says: “The combination of the guitar with the microphone results in a much more defined sound than the cedar! I am very happy!”

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Zé Paulo Becker, remarkable Brazilian violinist, plays Lineu Bravo’s guitars

The partnership between the luthier and the great composer, guitarist and soloist Zé Paulo Becker arose in a meeting with friends in a bar in Rio de Janeiro in 2009.

Zé Paulo Becker playing a Lineu Bravo guitar

Zé Paulo Becker playing a Lineu Bravo guitar

On the occasion, there were great names of Brazilian music: Rogerinho Caetano, Yamandú Costa, Marcello Gonçalves, Marco Pereira and Luis Flávio Alcofra. Zepa, as he is affectionately known by his friends, challenged Lineu to make a powerful guitar. Since then, three guitars have already been born especially for Zé Paulo Becker: two 6-string guitars and a 7-string one.

Zé Paulo Becker Career

The musician Zé Paulo Becker has been performing with his quartet “Semente Choro Jazz” in Lapa, a neighbourhood in Rio de Janeiro, since 1998. The performance, which takes place every Monday, mingles Popular Brazilian Music classics, famous choros (A Brazilian popular music instrumental style) and Becker’s compositions, who has 10 recorded albums. The samba jam with its wide set list is vibrant and welcoming. Apart from the people who are there every week, the audience goes from Brazilians and foreign tourists to musicians and artists.

As a composer, Zé Paulo Becker has made important partnerships: Paulo César Pinheiro, Aldir Blanc, Roque Ferreira, Mauro Aguiar, Edu Krieger, Moyseis Marques, Tiago Torres da Silva, Pedro Luís, etc. His songs have been recorded by Ney Matogrosso, Roberta Sá, Marcos Sacramento, Mariana Baltar, Valéria Lobão, Isabel Padovani, Paula Santoro, Nicolas Krassik and the trio “Madeira Brasil”. The musician has already played with Ney Matogrosso, João Bosco, Marco Pereira, Paulo Moura. He has recently played with Chico Buarque and Milton Nascimento for an album of a Portuguese singer named Carmino.

Album cover "Todo mundo quer amar", from Zé Paulo Becker, Marcos Sacramento and Paulo César Pinheiro

“Todo mundo quer amar” album cover

During his career, he won remarkable prizes, such as the National Contest Villa-Lobos Guitar in 1990, and, in 2009, the III Instrumental Music Festival of Guarulhos. His album with the trio “Madeira Brasil” and Roberta de Sá was the winner in the Best Brazilian Popular Music Album category at the Brazilian Music Award in 2011.

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