The emotional music genre is a mix of European and Brazilian music elements
Choro was considered the first typically Brazilian popular urban music style and was created with a mix of European dance elements and Brazilian popular songs, with a lot of African influence. Brazilians celebrate the Choro National Day every april 23th.
It was an emotional way of performing a melody and just became a music genre in the 20th century. With the end of the slavery, in 1850, a new urban middle class appeared, and this public was the one that most got interested in Choro.
The musician Henrique Cazes, who wrote a book about Choro, explains the origin of the word: – “It is a sentimental way to change European dance into Brazilian songs”.
The musical groups that play Choro are called Rodas de Choro, and the musicians chorões. The instruments of this genre are: flute, mandolin, cavaquinho, clarinet, saxophone, 6 and 7 string guitar and tambourine.
The Chorão has all the freedom to play Choro melodies and he doesn’t need to follow exactly the musical notes on the score. The final result depends, therefore, on the musician interpretation.
Alfredo da Rocha Vianna Filho, the brilliant “Pixinguinha”, was very important for the formation of the music style. He introduced African-Brazilian and rural music elements. The Choro Nacional Day is celebrated on April 23rd, the day the composer was born.
Apart from Pixinguinha, a lot of other composers have stood out performing Choro, such as: Jacob do Bandolim, Ernesto Nazareth, Chiquinha Gonzaga, Waldir Azevedo, Paulinho da Viola, Zequinha de Abreu e Ademilde Fonseca.
Source: Clube do Choro e Estação Musical