The emotional music genre is a mix of European and Brazilian music elements
Choro was considered the first typically Brazilian popular urban music style and was created with a mix of European dance elements and Brazilian popular songs, with a lot of African influence. Brazilians celebrate the Choro National Day every april 23th.
It was an emotional way of performing a melody and just became a music genre in the 20th century. With the end of the slavery, in 1850, a new urban middle class appeared, and this public was the one that most got interested in Choro.
The musician Henrique Cazes, who wrote a book about Choro, explains the origin of the word: – “It is a sentimental way to change European dance into Brazilian songs”.
The musical groups that play Choro are called Rodas de Choro, and the musicians chorões. The instruments of this genre are: flute, mandolin, cavaquinho, clarinet, saxophone, 6 and 7 string guitar and tambourine.
The Chorão has all the freedom to play Choro melodies and he doesn’t need to follow exactly the musical notes on the score. The final result depends, therefore, on the musician interpretation.
Alfredo da Rocha Vianna Filho, the brilliant “Pixinguinha”, was very important for the formation of the music style. He introduced African-Brazilian and rural music elements. The Choro Nacional Day is celebrated on April 23rd, the day the composer was born.
Apart from Pixinguinha, a lot of other composers have stood out performing Choro, such as: Jacob do Bandolim, Ernesto Nazareth, Chiquinha Gonzaga, Waldir Azevedo, Paulinho da Viola, Zequinha de Abreu e Ademilde Fonseca.
Source: Clube do Choro e Estação Musical
The American movie “Schindler’s List”, from 1993, directed by Steven Spielberg, tells the history of Oskar Schindler, a German businessman who saved millions of lives during the Holocaust. Besides the touching plot, the history has an amazing theme made by John Willians in 1994.
This version has a special meaning to the Luthier Lineu Bravo, because it is performed by his client, the Italian musician Mario Murru.
Mario Murru and Lineu Bravo Guitar
Mario Murru, who is specialized in ancient guitars, performs with instruments that are as modern as the 19th century in his solo concerts around the world.
In 2008, when he got to know the sound of a Lineu Bravo guitar, he decided to have one. He wanted a guitar that could be played with the tenderness learned in his career.
When he got his 6-string guitar, with Canadian Cedar top and Jacaranda background, he took part in a lot of important festivals around the world.
In 1940, the rhythm becomes a Brazilian symbol
‘Samba’, the most popular Brazilian music genre, has European and African origins, but it has taken over the country with black culture symbols.
The word was first mentioned in 1838 in a newspaper of Pernambuco called “O Capuceiro”. In Rio de Janeiro, the word ‘samba’ appears only in the late twentieth century, always linked with rural feasts, the black community and Bahia.
This music genre started taking shape with urban characteristics and percussion instruments, and now it has been consolidated as the main music style of Rio de Janeiro.
The expansion of samba took place thanks to two aspects: the newly-launched radio and the encouraging to the carnival by schools of the time.
In the 1940’s, the rhythm became a Brazilian symbol and earned status and international fame. Nowadays, the world sees Brazil as the birthplace of Carnival.
The word ‘samba’ has created solid roots and, as a result, a lot of etymological branching, such as samba-choro, samba de terreiro, samba-enredo, samba de gafieira, samba-rock, etc.
The first composers have built a cultural legacy. Some of them are: Jozé Luiz de Moraes, o Caninha, Heitor dos Prazeres, João da Baiana, Pixinguinha e Donga.
The Samba National Day is celebrated on December 2nd and was created to honor Ary Barroso. Firstly, the date was celebrated only in Bahia, but it turned out to become national.
Source: Almanaque do Samba